Fire protection in motor vehicles .- Requirements in Germany and Europe
Fire events in buses and coaches give more and more attention to the topic of fire safety in buses, especially by the media. The protection of passengers is at the forefront and should be ensured by the use of suitable materials. To determine the fire properties of these materials several international and national procedures are provided, which are used in the DMT and explained below.
We test the burning behaviour of materials used in the interior of vehicles, as per ECE R118, RREG 95/28/EC, FMVSS 302, DIN 75200 and ISO 3795 as well as in accordance with vehicle manufacturers’ corporate standards.
The purpose of the tests in accordance with DIN 75200 is to determine the speed at which materials used in vehicle passenger compartments burn when subjected to a small flame.
In addition, we carry out tests to determine fire propagation of electrical cables according to ECE R118, edition 12/2012, section 6.2.6 in conjunction with ISO 6722:2006, section 12.
Also, we are a recognized test center of the FIA (FIA Test House for Extinguisher Systems) and of the DMSB (holding organization for automobile and motorcycle sports) for the testing of extinguishing systems in racing vehicles and fire suppression systems.
a short overview of our portfolio:
|ECE R118 Annex 6||Test to determine the horizontal burning rate of material|
|ECE R118 Annex 7||Test to determine the melting behaviour of materials|
|ECE R118 Annex 8||Test to determine the vertical burning rate of material|
|ECE R119 Annex 9||Burning behavior of interior material, Resistance to absorption of fuel|
|ISO 5658-2||Lateral flame propagation in a vertical Arrangement, alternative method according to ECE R118|
|ECE R100 Annex 8E||Battery-operated electric vehicles, resistance of traction batteries against escalating reaction under fire conditions|
|ISO 3795||Road vehicles and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry determination of the burning behavior of interior materials|
|EU-Regulation 95/28/EG Annex IV||Test to determine the horizontal burning rate of material|
|EU-Regulation 95/28/EG Annex VI||Test to determine the vertical burning rate of material|
|DIN 75200||Determination of the burning behavior of automotive interior materials|
|ISO 6722 paragraph 12||Road vehicles -– 60 V and 600 v single-core cables -– Dimensions, test methods and requirements paragraph 12 Resistance to flame propagation Kabelprüfung wie in ECE R118 gefordert|
|ISO 6722-1 paragraph 5.22||Road vehicles -– 60 V and 600 V single-core cables|
|ISO 6722-2 paragraph 5.22||Road vehicles -– 60 V and 600 V single-core cables|
|ISO 14572 paragraph 5.21||Road vehicles – Round, sheathed, 60 V and 600 V screened and unscreened single- or multi-core cables – Test methods and requirements for basic- and high-performance cables|
|ECE R107 Amendment 3 Bus||Proof of the capacity of the extinguishing system|
|FIA TEST HOUSES FOR EXTINGUISHER SYSTEMS|
Fire Tests of Materials Used in Vehicles (ECE R118)
DMT – Test Body for Fire Protection holds an accreditation according to ISO 17025 issued by German DAkkS under the registration number D-PL-11035-03-00 for the following procedures: ECE R118 annexes 6 and 8, ISO 5658-2 as well as ISO 6722 and ISO 14572.
Principle: specimens shall represent the intended application
Specimens with the following dimensions are required:
- ECE R118, annex 6:
6 specimens 100 x 356 mm per direction/structure of material; maximum thickness 13 mm
- ECE R118 annex 7:
10 specimens 70 x 70 mm per material (5 tests of front side and 5 tests of back side); maximum thickness 13 mm
- ECE R118 annex 8:
4 specimens 560 x 170 mm per direction/structure of material; maximum thickness 13 mm
- ISO 6722:
6 specimens with a length of 650 mm
- ISO 5658-2:
6 specimens 798 x 153 per surface; maximum thickness 50 mm
If the thickness in case of application is higher than maximum thickness given for the specimens, the specimens have to be reduced to maximum thickness from the backside/surface not to be tested.
If it is not possible to get specimens with the required dimensions, please contact us.